Systematically mistrain in a redistributive system
They make money based on time
- "Money is a thing, but it's also ideas..." almost like quantum physics, a flow to get from one place to another - change of understanding of money
Promise from the queen to pay 20 pounds - it's an IOU; 1694, wanted to fight a war, borrowed 1.2$ in silver, in exchange: give you the right to lend money - became the Bank of England, charging interest to the king. Bank notes are circulated government debt - the queen owes you
Powerful reason for debt jubilee - immediate relief, meant to remind us what money is - a series of promises we make to each other, enforced by law and ultimately violence
Make up your own money- a bunch of IOUs. Before, each store had their money. To give people change used to be hard, most stuff was on credit, tokens out of paper, good in that store; circulated like money in that neighborhood. "Widow currency" - good one sock darning
Anyone can do an IOU; modern money system is stopping anyone but banks from doing that
Not fiat currency but credit currency; asking for a loan, imagine needing to give money back into a bank, totally untrue. Not even a multiplier effect. They literally just make up money, seems crazy but ultimately all money goes back to the bank. Whole system validated by the tax system
Taxes exist not so government can get money - they can make up however much money they like. Tax system - only money produced by the bank can be used to pay taxes. Give banks monopoly on legitimate use of money "legal tender for all debts public and private" - THESE IOUs, not IOUs just made up
"Where are they going to find the money?" Just make up money they do it all the time
Bank strike vs garbage strike; no one cared vs. over in a week
Critique of work
"You're on my time"
"It is sinful to make your servants work when there's nothing to do" they don't get into trouble when busy
Hard to write history of work
Spiritual violence of jobs - time disciplining, control. We need to steal back our time
Units of time were units of work
"Three boilings of rice away" as long as it takes to cook a meal, three times
Absolute time usually has to do with gods
Wage labor comes out of slavery
"I'm not selling myself, I'm selling my time"
Selling/renting yourself is a technical distinction at best
Clock time - wouldn't allow workers to come in with pocket watches
Battles over time, demands for better hours, overtime
Now it's assumed your time belongs to someone else, if you're working
School as a place where you'd be free from the pressures of work
Bullshitization of real jobs
You get the flunkees, then you decide what they should do
Time being separated from the self; "flattening of self"
Time allocation forms to give people a reason to exist
Computers: eureka moment, paradigm as factory workers as "real workers"
What is work? Play? Ritual? Combinations of interactions, different in different contexts
Care work, harder labor
Apply mechanization - increase productivity
Technological deflation - add new features, constant cost
Apply technology to caring sector - exactly opposite effect
Qualitative experiences a computer can actually recognize
Price keeps going up; profits are hard to maintain in this section, have to put a cap on wages
Labor struggles are there
"Revolt of the caring classes"
Men who bring feminist theory into their work have it taken back out
Radical transformation of, what is work exploitation
Punished for usurping God's power
theme of work theology: work as pain, production
Men do culturally what women do naturally: produce (going into labor)
Men push out products from factories: male childbirth
Most work isn't radical transformation, it's maintenance
In a communist society ticketgivers wouldn't exist, many different scenarios where you actually need people; you don't think of working class as caring labor but that's what they're there to do
"Definitely not going to get robots to do these jobs the way you want them to be done" caring work IS value producing work
Debt - a huge problem, not viable - amazed they managed to keep treading water as long as they have (emergence of fascism around the world)
The last 30 years: continual attack on human imagination; get rid of vision, intense campaign to think that nothing else could be conceivable beyond what we can do today
Obama acted like a man with a vision, but he didn't have one
Anti-visionary politics, at exactly the moment of confluence between climate crisis, economy. This is the time we need great vision in politics, we've come to believe it can't be different
People are open to new things in a way they haven't been before
"All wealth has to be made" "ALL capitalists derive from labor"
How do you justify work, if you get rid of "work = meaning"?
Who are the "wealth creators"?
Work as suffering, validating yourself as true adult (theological ideas) - anything you get out of work, it's less valuable
"Helping others should be enough - you want money too?"
People trapped in the contradiction - work should be miserable, that's what makes me a good person, enjoy my toys at home
Paid to do nothing all day - violates human nature, want to be useful
Joy of realizing you can change the world
Primordial sense of injustice in the Occupy movement
Reconstitute sense of value: instead of production and consumption, why not caring and freedom? Reconceive working class in totally new way
Mothers work so that children can play; caring and freedom
Silicon Valley as having a lot of BS plans; universal basic income
Can't legislate BS jobs away; bureaucratic attempts to get rid of it will make more of it
Reducing working hours? Hard to do without bureaucratic interference
Different kinds of UBI. Basic income - unconditionality principle? No questions asked? Substitute money to privatize
Are you expanding or contracting unconditionality? Livelihood is part of the zone of unconditionality; no one should have to worry about the basic needs of existence
We don't care who you are, what you need, you get at least this
Jobs to make rich people feel good about themselves; as a way of making poor people feel bad (are you worthy for us to throw crumbs at you?)
"Where does the money come from?" Where does money come from? Banks make it up
Like creating human freedom: do what you want to do
If you really believe in democracy and freedom, we need to overcome these ideas
Everyone can decide for themselves what to contribute to the world. Usual objections: Can't give people something for nothing, you're just not specifying what the "thing" is - assuming life is actually worth something
People are just going to sit around and watch tv - miserableness of people paid to do nothing, if it shows anything it's that people will want to do something
What's guarantee they'll do something others find useful? 37-40% of people already doing nothing of any use, they're unhappy
Do the stupid thing you want to be doing; 10,000 are crazy but one has to be sane, we'll invent something incredible ("great, we got our money back")
Rise of the robots, replace work - isn't this the clearest sign that our economic system is incredibly stupid?
Market capitalism as the only efficient system; now, we're seeing that the prospect of replacing unpleasant jobs is a bad thing because the idea of reallocating work in reasonable way, getting products out to people who need them - impossible under current system
Three layers of bureaucracy, where is efficiency? You don't need layers of private companies to get tasks - this is where pointless jobs really multiply
Basic income as transitional